пʼятниця, 3 березня 2017 р.

Word families. Word formation.

I’ve chosen a text from Upstream B2+ Student's Book, called “Guilt – Free Holidays” (Unit 6)






Thousands of years ago, in ancient times, people expressed their thoughts and feelings in Latin, Greek and other excellent languages. But nowadays, many pedestrian people say: « Nobody speaks these languages any more – why should I study them». But even though, it is still important and beneficial to attract people to study these so-called "dead" languages consciously. The fact is that only in Vatican Latin is still considered actually spoken and only enthusiastic, prominent philologist and philosophers deny the fact that the ancient languages are extinct. Latin is not dead. Latin did not die, it simply evolved and it can be kept alive by studying it.

Why should people study Latin and Greek? Knowing Latin and Greek can prove useful in mastering other languages. First of all, a great deal of Latin and Greek roots and prefixes are dependable, unchanging and serve as the key to understanding the vocabulary of English. Thoroughly learning these languages not only makes it possible to figure out English words but also teaches you the original meaning. Having mastered these languages is like being an expert, a walking dictionary for 60% of the words in English.

Then, understanding the language requires that you explicitly identify parts of speech constantly, and therefore, Latin and Greek are particularly excellent at training students to identify and think about part of speech and precise functions of words.

Finally, knowing more about Latin and Greek grammar really opens up one’s understanding about English. It also provides us with a historical context that is hard to rival.


пʼятниця, 24 лютого 2017 р.

Online tools and resources for vocabulary building

Hello, my dear friend!

How are you? I’d like to explore you different ways how to learn English and to concentrate your mind on effective methods of studying English. Have you ever thought about learning English without taking too much time to look everything up in paper dictionaries and grammar books? As you were learning English 30 years ago, it is obvious that you have. Today, we are all aware of fact that our world makes progress and there is a wide range of modern, useful, alternative online tools and resources which we can use to expand our vocabulary. So, if you want to achieve your goals, improve your English and speak fluently you should try some of them. I’d like to recommend you a list of my favourite websites which really help me to build my vocabulary

1. Fraze.it – one of the best online tools that helps to explore the words in the context. It gives you access to millions of phrases and sentences coming from top writers, as well as a handy way to manage your own content.

2. Synonym Finder – the tool provides not only synonyms for the words but also definitions and its usage.

3. Graph Words – is online thesaurus which displays words in a graphical pattern and shows connections among associated words. Also, you can easily see the meaning of each word by simply placing the mouse cursor over it.

4. Word Machine – another viable option for you. It is a cool typing game that will make you by trial and error recall words you thought you never knew and learn some new. 

5. Rewordify – is online software that replaces the difficult words in the text with simpler ones, helps you to identify and understand what you read.

My flashcard: 

пʼятниця, 17 лютого 2017 р.

Dictionary daze

               We are all aware of fact that dictionaries are very important tools for anyone who is learning a new language and tries to achieve the best goals. They are much more complicated, and capable of many more uses than we suspect. Dictionary is a book that contains a selected list of words arranged in alphabetical order. It accurately explains their meanings and gives information about them in detail
          It is obvious that there is a wide range of tips how to use a dictionary in an appropriate way. The videos contain valuable guidelines helped me to explore different ways of its usage. 
         First and foremost is if English is your second language, you should pick and choose a monolingual dictionary instead of bilingual. Monolingual dictionaries help you to learn English through English and after a while make your English fluent and natural. 
      Moreover, take into consideration that you can’t learn a language just by using a dictionary. Not understanding things you read or hear is part and parcel of learning another language. A method of using dictionary all the time when you hear an unknown word can be irrelevant, that’s why just try to guess the meaning from the context, find out how it relates to the text and don’t be scared to make mistakes
        Remember and make yourself understood that not everything can be translated. Some words just don’t translate very well between languages. So, avoid doing this

1. As for me, I always mispronounce the word – advertisement. Advertisement /ədˈvɜːtəsmənt/ - a picture, set of words, or a short film, which is intended to persuade people to buy a product or use a service, or that gives information about a job that is available, an event that is going to happen etc. 

2. I often confuse such pairs of words as: 
  • convince and persuade – Convince means to make someone feel certain that something is true (Ex. Her arguments didn’t convince everyone, but changes were made). Persuade means to make someone decide to do something, especially by giving them reasons why they should do it, or asking them many times to do it (Ex. I finally managed to persuade her to go out for a drink with me). 
  • wonder and wander – Wonder means to doubt or question whether something is true (Ex. ‘Is she serious?’ ‘I wonder.’). Wander means to walk slowly across or around an area, usually without a clear direction or purpose (Ex. I’ll wander around the mall for half an hour). 
  • compliment and complement – Compliment means a remark that shows you admire someone or something (Ex. All the guests paid her extravagant compliments). Complement means to make a good combination with someone or something else (Ex. The dark red walls complement the red leather chairs). 

3. Words that entered the dictionary in 2016:  
  • brook - a small stream; 
  • defang - to undermine the strength or power of; make ineffectual; 
  • barrel - a large curved container with a flat top and bottom, made of wood or metal, and used for storing beer, wine;
  • fumble - to try to hold, move, or find something with your hands in an awkward way; 
  • kicker - a player in a sports team who kicks the ball to score points. 

неділя, 12 лютого 2017 р.

Techniques and Strategies of Vocabulary Building

             What do you think is the world’s most widely spoken language? It becomes apparent that English is the most widespread language on Earth. English is an excellent language to learn, whether it’s for business, travel or personal reasons. Learning any language requires hard work and English is no different. We all know how difficult it is to remember new words and phrases. “How can I remember words?” “How can I memorize new vocabulary and make it stick in my long-term memory?” These are questions that nearly every language learner has asked himself or herself at one time or another.
             You need to remember that knowing a lot of new words is not a bad thing – it will help you meet your goal and enrich your intellect in the process. Vocabulary building is one of the most essential parts in learning foreign languages, so I propose to you some techniques for organizing vocabulary I find useful for me:
    1. Do not memorize long lists of words in isolation. You won’t remember many words, and you will have no idea of the subtleties in their meanings or the ways the words are used in context. New words are best learned when they can occur as a part of your reading.
    2. Write down transcription, definition and translation.
    3. Try to divide new words into groups, such as: noun, verb, adjective, phrasal verb, collocation.
    4. It would be a good idea to highlight new words in order to attract your attention. 

The article I've chosen: